Business Management Dynamics

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ISSN: 2047-7031

bmd Business and Management Dynamics bmd
ISSN: 2047-7031  
Volume  3   Issue 11  2014  
Article Abstract
Local Development and Sustainable Tourism Models – Spa and Curative Tourism at Llixha of Elbasan, Albania
Keywords:  Sustainable tourism, local development, education
Since Johannesburg 2002, the world now is becoming more and more conscious to development. Governments are focusing not simply on development, but they are planning for the future development too. Globalization and the involvement in the process of all the former "three worlds" have done it more difficult to distinguish exploitation vs. global exchange of goods and services. The weight of the foreign direct investments in the global economy is reaching and over-passing the export-imports' value. "A world without borders" ... this does not mean any more just borders as a classic perception, but rather economic, political, cultural, legal, technology and moreover peoples movement mentality borders. Finally, the people worldwide are understanding that whole world is our future unique country, and we need to take care of our living resources. This and more was the meaning of the Johannesburg Declaration of 2002, sustainable development based on three main pillars, economic, socio-political and ecological development, getting use of our resources without compromising our future consumption. At the annual conference on social tourism on 23 April 2008, European Commission, DG Enterprise and Industry, Unit of Tourism the participants strongly called for sustainable tourism development, even considering the old models of massive tourism already ongoing in Europe and worldwide. The article analyses and argues why sustainable tourism development and what does it mean in terms of local development, suggesting and recommending ways and paths to foster this kind of tourism. It emphasizes the strong role of the professional and higher education in tourism sciences, in order to guarantee a long term development of tourism and its sustainable models.
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